The Gralton Story
My ancestor, Cornelius Gralton was born about 1802 in the Parish of Creeve, County Roscommon, Ireland. He married Ann Kelly about 1828-9.
Cornelius and Ann had at least four children and they included: -
Henry Gralton, who was known as Harry, was born about 1828 in the Parish of Creeve, County Roscommon Ireland and Harry was a Shoemaker. Little is known about his early life but Henry married Margaret Dobbins from Limerick, Ireland on November 30, 1850 in St Giles in the Fields, Saint George, Bloomsbury, London. Henry was a Shoemaker aged 22 and Margaret aged 18. The couple were married in the Sardinian Chapel of St Giles Roman Catholic Church. Both Henry and Margaret signed with an X. The residence of both was shown as 27 Eagle Street, Bloomsbury and that street exists today.
The Churchwardens of St Giles would buy condemned prisoners, on their way to Tyburn Gallows, a last drink of ale at the Pub next door known as The Angel in the Field . One prisoner who refused the offer for a last drink missed the pardon that was waiting there for him. Origin of the saying "On the Wagon" - meaning a person has stopped drinking alcohol!
Prisoners were transported to Tyburn Gallows on a wagon and were allowed one last drink in a pub on the way to their execution. If offered a second drink by a sympathiser the guard would reply, "No, they're going on the Wagon!"
Cornelius Gralton, Henry's father was shown on Henry's Marriage certificate in 1850 as a Shoemaker and he was not shown as being deceased although this may have been the case. In 1855 when Cornelius Gralton, Harry's brother, was married his fathers was shown as a deceased (flax) farmer.
In the British Census held on 30th March 1851 Henry and Margaret had been married for exactly four months and were living in London under the name of Grant which was the name they used when they married. The Census records state that they lived in the Township of Bloomsbury in the Borough of Finsbury. In the Census record it also shows in the same street Margaret's father John Dobbins (a Tailor) and his wife "E", both 60 years and both from Ireland together with son in law Michael Chard?, 12 and daughter in law Jenny? 3, from Neidt?. It would be assumed that Michael was the child of one of John Dobbins other daughters. The records state that Margaret's parents were John Dobbins and Mary. There is a record of a marriage of a John Dobbins in the same quarter as Henry and Margaret (i.e. December 1850) so it is possible that he remarried and it may have been on the same day as his daughter's wedding.
Their children of Henry and Margaret were: -
There are other Gralton's who are buried at Nudgee under their married names. These include: -
Margaret Ann ROBERTS
Josephine Mary COSTIGAN B-50-02-B
Together with the above two are Michael Joseph Costigan and Winifred Mary Gralton in
Portion B-50-02 & 03
Winifred Mary Gralton is the daughter of Henry and Margaret Gralton.>
(Winifred Mary (Nin) Gralton the daughter of Alfred Gralton was cremated at Mt Thompson in 1975)
The Henry Gralton Branch
Jas. Gralton was born in London in the December 1851 Quarter. The registration is Grant, James - District of Holborn Vol 2 Page 151. I believe his birth certificate will confirm his name as James Grant.
James came to Sydney, Australia with his parents and brothers and sister on the 'Castillion' in 1858. The shipping records show his age as 6.
James, like his father and brothers was a boot maker and was the licensee of the Federal Hotel and the first licensee of the Trans Continental Hotel in Brisbane. At one time Jas was an alderman of the Brisbane City Council. James married Catherine (Kate) Duffy on 31 May 1877 and their children include: -
*Sr. M. Eulalie R.S.M.
Kate became a Roman Catholic Sister with the Sisters of Mercy and was then known as Sister Mary Eulalie R.S.M. and she is buried in the Nudgee Catholic Cemetery. James Philip served with the Australian Army as a dentist during WW1 and was the dentist for Nudgee College.
In 1879-80 Jas was a bootmaker at Wharf Street, Spring Hill. In 1883-84 James was listed as a Boot manufacturer of Edward Street, Brisbane. In 1885-86 James was in George Street and in 1888 James was the proprietor of the Federal Hotel on the corner of Leichardt and Little Edward Streets, Spring Hill (now known as The Spring Hill Hotel). In all listings to 1896-97 Jas was recorded as the proprietor of the Federal Hotel. James was the first Licensee of the Transcontinental Hotel on the corner of Roma and Albert Streets Brisbane.
John Gralton was the second son of Henry and Margaret Gralton and was born at 7 Bishops Head Court, Greys Inn Lane St. Andrews Middlesex London 29 September 1853. The Registration is Holborn District Vol. 1b Page 383 December 1853 Quarter. It is now confirmed by the receipt of his Birth Certificate that it is in the name of John Grant as his father had used that name while they stayed in London from some time before their marriage on 30 November 1850 until their departure for Sydney in 1858 on the Castillion. John Gralton was recorded on the shipping documents as being four years old and reverted to that name from that time on.
The following story from a Brisbane newspaper in 1929 tells the story of the early years in Australia.
Mr. John Gralton, who was born in London, came out with his parents and two brothers on the sailing ship, Castillian in the year 1858. Several other sons and daughters were born in Brisbane. The family at first lived in the Macleay River, N.S.W., but hearing good accounts of the new colony of Queensland, Mr. Gralton decided to try his fortune up this way. The journey was made in a small ketch, which was held up for six weeks in Trial Bay before she could get out. The Canoona Rush, which became the genesis of Rockhampton, took place shortly afterwards, and Mr. Gralton Senior (Henry Gralton), who was of a naturally roving disposition hurried up there only to share in the general disappointment of that ill-starred adventure. A year or so later he returned to Sydney, but later he decided that the hills were for him and his. Thus a removal was made to Armidale, and luck seemed to be in, for shortly afterwards the Glen Innes tin deposits were discovered and the father of the family betook himself thither. Before long news of the gold discoveries on the Palmer field, near Cooktown, filtered through and soon despite the good money which the Glen Innes field was situated, was practically deserted. Mr. Gralton was amongst those who followed the golden gleam to the far north.
Mr. John Gralton was left to come overland on horseback. The railway at that time extended from Ipswich to Warwick. Young John took the Cunningham's Gap route and was without food for two days on that part of the journey. He rode across the old iron Victoria Bridge a week after it was opened. That was in 1874, and with the exception of short visits to Sydney Mr. Gralton has lived in Brisbane ever since."
John Gralton married Emily (Emma) Lippiatt on 25 May 1879 in St Stephen's Cathedral Brisbane
John and Emma Gralton's children include: -Table
Emma Gralton died on 21 October 1935 and the following report appeared in a Brisbane newspaper: -
17 February 1858 - 21 October 1935
Late Mrs. J Gralton
Mrs. John Gralton, of Fernberg Road, Upper Paddington, who has died, lived for 65 years in Brisbane. A daughter of the late Mr. Jacob Lippiatt she arrived by the sailing ship 'Young Australia', in 1870. Mr. Lippiatt has been foreman of the Thames Iron Works Ltd. in London, with which he had been associated for 27 years. He obtained a position with the late Mr. John Petrie, whose works were situated in that portion of Queen Street which is called after him. The iron railings around the Supreme Court are some of his work.
In 1879 Miss Emma Lippiatt married Mr. John Gralton, one of whose brothers, the late Mr. James Gralton, was the first licensee of the Transcontinental Hotel and afterwards an Alderman of Brisbane. Another brother Mr. Austin Gralton, was a noted inter-State and international Rugby footballer.
Mr. John Gralton carried on a boot and shoe business in George Street for many years, and he and his brother James were amongst the most prominent men in that trade here.
The late Mrs. Gralton, who had a wonderful mentality and a charming disposition, rendered great assistance, not only to her husband during his business days, but also to her sons, Messrs. Gralton Bros., clerically, in their office furniture manufacturing business. Her health failed perceptibly of late.
Mr. and Mrs. Gralton for many years past lived at Fernberg Road, opposite the present Government House, where they were surrounded by most of their sons and daughters, five families in all. Their golden wedding was celebrated in 1929.
Besides Mr. John Gralton there survived four daughters--Mesdames Mrs. E.R. Adams (Sydney), E. Morris and E. Franks, and Miss L. Gralton, of Brisbane, --and four sons-Messrs. John, James H., Herbert A., and Eric, all of Brisbane. There also are three sisters of the late Mrs. Gralton-Mesdames L. Legge (Brisbane), S McKenzie (Sydney), and A Webster (Lismore)."
(COPIED FROM: A BRISBANE NEWSPAPER NOVEMBER 26, 1938.)
To have held the horse of Thunderbolt, the gentleman bushranger of the New England and surrounding districts, and to have recognized that that horse belonged to the police inspector of the district , is one of the experiences upon which Mr. John Gralton, sen. of Fernberg Road, Bardon, looks back.
Mr.Gralton, who was but a boy when this experience befell him, was living with his family at Armidale at the time.
The tall, bearded, well-mannered man referred to, whose real name was Frederick Ward, rode up to the door of John Gralton's father's (Henry Gralton) bootmaker's establishment on a chestnut horse. A fine upstanding man rode to the steps from which he dismounted, handed the reins to little Jack, and went into the shop to get a pair of boots. The boy looked admiringly at the chestnut, but noticed the remarkable similarity between it and the favorite mount of the police inspector.
Those chestnuts were noted horses in the district. The original sire was Stockwell who was one of the forebears of Phar Lap, and many other noted track performers. When the stranger had remounted and left nothing but a cloud of dust and a wonderment in the minds of father and son as to who he was, young Jack said to his father, "Dad, that man has the inspector's horse, I am sure."
"By Jove," exclaimed Mr. Gralton sen. "I believe you're right, Jack and that's Thunderbolt sure enough. I noticed two pistols sticking out from under his coat when he bent down."
Mr. Gralton was born in London 85 years ago and came out with his father, the late Henry Gralton, in the ship "Castilian" in 1858. The family landed in Sydney but after a very short residence in that then-small capital they moved to the Macleay River District. Shipping aboard a ketch at Trial Bay (near Kempsey) in 1860 Mr. Gralton, sen., took his family to Rockhampton to which place the Canoona rush had attracted a large number of men.
Mr. Gralton, sen., was amongst the many disillusioned ones who were glad to get away.
That was the Gralton family first acquaintance with Queensland. After a spell in the New England district Mr. Gralton, sen., tried his luck on the Palmer Goldfields, but again fortune refused to smile on him. He did better at the Tenterfield tin mines however.
In 1874 young John mounted a horse at Tenterfield and made the long journey to Brisbane in that way, riding over the first Victoria Bridge a week after it was opened. His two faithful dogs, one of which was a greyhound, accompanied him. Mr. Gralton, sen., also came up this way and opened a boot business of his own in Brunswick Street. Later he moved to George Street, near Talbot Street, and carried on business there until the corner was bought to make way for the Friendly Societies and other buildings in 1912. He then went to live at Upper Paddington, opposite "Fernberg" now Government House, where his sons now have a business, and has been residing there ever since. Mrs. Gralton died three years ago.
The late Mr. James Gralton, a brother, was an alderman of Brisbane for some years.
More information on the BAFS Building.
Mr. and Mrs. John Gralton
Fifty years ago on Saturday last Mr. John Gralton, second son of Mr Henry Gralton, of Brisbane, and Miss Emma Lippiatt, fifth daughter of Mr. Jacob Lippiatt, also of Brisbane, were united in holy matrimony in old St. Stephen's Cathredal, Brisbane, The Rev. Father Breen was the officiating priest.
In the intervening half-century the celebrant, the bridesmaids, and best man have passed away, but on Saturday evening, at Mr. Gralton's residence, Fernberg Road, upper Paddington, the members of his family sat around a well-spread table, on which was a handsome cake made by Mrs. Gralton herself and ornamented by one of her sisters - Mrs. L. F. Legge. The guests were confined to relatives, with one or two lifelong friends.
It was a very happy gathering, and was all the more remarkable from the fact that nineteen of the relatives live on the same estate.
The group included, besides Mr. & Mrs. Gralton themselves, the four daughters - Mesdames E, Morris (Brisbane), E.R. Adams (Sydney) and E. Franks (Brisbane) and Miss Lily Gralton (Brisbane), and the four sons - Messrs John, James H. Herbert A. and Eric Gralton, all of Brisbane, also Messrs. E. Morris and E. Franks (sons-in-law) Mesdames John and James Gralton (daughters-in-law), and seven grandchildren, also Mesdames A. Tew and L. P. Legge (sisters of Mrs Gralton) Misses Rose Tew and Lizzie Hughes (neices) Mr. & Mrs. L. Legge, jun, Mrs. Mary Ladner (Mrs Gralton's oldest friend), Mr. & Mrs. R. V. Rose, Mr. V. Ladner, and Messrs C. Gilbert and J. O'Shea.
Scarcely anybody seeing the veil preserved appearance of that comely bride of fifty years ago would think that half a century had passed over her head since she knelt at the bridal altar. Mr. Gralton also carries his 75 years well.
Mr. Gralton, who was born in London, came out with his parents and two brothers - James & Henry, in the sailing ship "Castilian", 71 years ago.
The late Mr. James Gralton was well known in Brisbane in the boot business also as an alderman of the old Brisbane City Council, licensee of the Transcontinental Hotel, and later as the secretary of the Licensed Victualler's Association.
Several other sons and daughters were born in Queensland. The family first lived on the Macleay River, New South Wales. Hearing good accounts of the new colony of Queensland, Mr. Gralton Snr. decided to try his fortune up this way. The journey was made in a small ketch, which was held up six weeks in Trial Bay before she could get out. The Canoona Rush, which became the genesis of Rockhampton, took place shortly afterwards and Mr. Gralton who was of a naturally roving disposition, hurried up there only to share in the general disappointment of that ill-starred adventure. He was one of the many disillusioned ones who were glad to get away.
That was the Gralton family's first acquaintenance with Queensland. He then returned to N.S.W. to Armidale, and luck seemed to be in for shortly afterwards the Glen Innes tin deposits were discovered, and the father of the family betook himself thither. Before long news of the gold discoveries on the Palmer field, near Cooktown, filtered through, and soon, despite the good money which men were making at the tin mines, Vegetable Creek, on which the Glen Innes field was situated, was practically deserted. Mr. Gralton was amongst those who followed the golden gleam to the far north.
Mr. John Gralton was left to come overland on horseback. The railway at that time extended from Ipswich to Warwick. Young Gralton took the Cunningham's Gap route and was without food for two and a half days on that part of the journey. He rode across the old iron Victoria Bridge a week after it was opened. That was in 1874 and, with the exception of short visits to Sydney, Mr. Gralton has lived in Brisbane ever since. For eleven years he had a boot making business in the Valley, and for 21 years he carried on in that line at George Street. Then Mrs. Gralton and he 18 years ago (1911) took up their residence at Upper Paddington, with their sons, who conduct a large cabinet making business there.
Mrs Gralton came out with her parents and other members of the family in 1870, in the sailing ship "Young Australia", which afterwards was wrecked on the coast here. Her father was a foreman in the works of Thames Iron Works Ltd and Shipbuilding yards. He died some six years after arriving in Queensland. The family lived in the Valley for some years and afterwards in Upper Roma Street. On the voyage out Mrs. Gralton had a narrow escape from being washed overboard in a storm. A wave which broke on board carried her down to the scuppers, through which the sea water finds its way overboard again. Providentially she came against that opening lengthwise and so was saved from a watery grave. She has had ten children, eight of whom still are living.
COPIED FROM A NEWSPAPER JULY 1941
Death of Mr.
J. Gralton, Sen.
Though the death of Mr. John Gralton, senior, which occurred at his residence, Fernberg Road, Barton, there has been removed one of the early residents of Brisbane.
The late Mr. Gralton was born in London nearly 88 years ago, and came out with his father, Mr. Henry Gralton and other members of the family in the ship Castilian in 1858.
The family lived for a time in New South Wales. Young John Gralton came to Brisbane from Tenterfield on horseback in 1874 and worked for his father in a bootshop which was later established in Queen Street. In 1882 he opened a shop of his own in Brunswick Street and later moved to George Street, where the Friendly Societies' Dispensary now is. He carried on business there until the Friendly Societies acquired the property. He then went to live at Fernberg Road where two of his sons carry on a furniture manufacturing business and has lived there ever since.
Mrs. Gralton died six years ago. There survive four daughters-Mesdames E. Morris and E. Franks and Miss Lillian, of Brisbane, and Mrs. M. J. Adams, of Sydney-and three sons-John, James and Herbert, of Brisbane.
One of John and Emma's children Irene died at the age of 91½ in a fire that destroyed the Paddington Furniture Factory and her home on 19 June 1986.
The following is from the Newspaper account of the fire.
Copied from a Brisbane Newspaper
19th June, 1986.
Irene Franks (91 years old) was killed when she was trapped in her burning home as fire raced through three buildings in the inner Brisbane suburb of Paddington. The massive blaze which began in a furniture factory engulfed neighbouring houses in minutes, shooting flames fifty meters into the air.
By the time fire brigade units arrived the entire small valley was ablaze. Firemen described it as a volcano so intense was the heat. Flames raced through the old timber dwellings, giving occupants only minutes to flee.
Mrs. Franks didn't get out in time and died as she slept in her bedroom. Her home and the furniture factory and another house all owned by her family were destroyed.
Its not known yet exactly what caused the fire because of the massive extent of the damage and the way it ripped through the three buildings in almost four minutes.
The Arson Squad is investigating but, at this stage, there is no indication the fire was deliberately lit.
(Two of her neices Iris G. Craig & Bess G. Nudzik had flown up from Sydney only two weeks before to see her & she was reasonably well. At 91½ she was the same age as her sister "Cissie" when she also died.)
Henry Gralton (Grant)
Henry Gralton was most likely born Henry Grant in London in the December 1855 Quarter. In 1858 the family arrived in Australia on the Castillion and Henry was recorded as being two years old.
Henry married Margaret Murphy on 26 September 1881 in Brisbane.
The children of Henry and Margaret Gralton are as under: -
Henry was only 37 when he died on 11 June 1892 and predeceased his father (Henry Gralton) by 5 years.
Kate Gralton was born Catherine Grant in London in the March 1858 Quarter in the District of Holborn Vol 1b Page 459. The registration is spelt Catharine Grant and she came to Australia on the Castellion in 1858 with her parents Henry and Margaret Gralton and her three brothers. Her age was recorded as being an 'infant' on the shipping documents.
Kate married Thomas Sylvester Hayes on 9 February 1885 in Brisbane.
The children of Kate and Tom include: -
Kate died at the age of 33 on 15 May 1890 and is buried at Toowong Cemetery (Por. 7 Sec. 55 Grave 9) together with her daughter Mary who died 04 July 1887 at birth. There is also an unnamed Male Gralton buried in this grave on 17 January 1889 and I believe it to be the Unnamed child of James Gralton and Kate Duffy who died on 16 January 1889 registration 1889/B021622 (Recorded as GRATTON in error).
Thomas Sylvester Hayes was buried 08/10/1921 with Margaret Hayes aged 76 and she was buried 17/11/1944
(Por. 7A Sec. 22 Grave 16).
Who was Margaret??? Sister of Thomas??? Born about 1868?
My Grandmother, who married William Henry Gralton, named her third child - Owen Atkins Sylvester GRALTON. The Atkins was her husbands Mother's maiden name and this may be the Owen and Sylvester.
FUNERAL NOTICE -1890, CATHERINE HAYES (GRALTON)
Source. "The Brisbane Courier", Saturday, May 16, 1890.
The Friends of Mr. THOMAS S. HAYES are respectfully invited to attend the funeral of his deceased Wife, to move from his residence, Newmarket Hotel, Enoggera, THIS (Friday) MORNING, at 11 O'clock, for the Toowong Cemetery.
James and John Hislop, Undertakers, 85 George street, and at Grey and Tribune streets, South Brisbane.
The Friends of Mr. HENRY GRALTON are respectfully invited to attend the funeral of his deceased daughter, Catherine, to move from her late residence, Newmarket Hotel, Enoggera, THIS (Friday) MORNING, at 11 o'clock, for the Toowong Cemetery. James and John Hislop, Undertakers, 85 George street, and at Grey and Tribune streets, South Brisbane.
The Friends of Mr JAMES GRALTON are respectfully invited to attend the funeral of his deceased Sister, Catherine, to move from her late residence, Newmarket Hotel, Enoggera, THIS (Friday) MORNING, at 11 o'clock, for the Toowong Cemetery. James and John Hislop, Undertakers, 85 George street, and at Grey and Tribune streets, South Brisbane.
Queensland United Licensed Victuallers' Association
The Friends of Mr. J. Gralton* (President of the above Association) are invited to attend the Funeral of his deceased Sister, Mrs. Hayes, to leave the Newmarket Hotel, Enoggera, at 11 O'clock. THIS Friday MORNING the 16th May
Henry Wright, Secretary.
* James GRALTON son of Henry & Margaret
John Gralton 1853 - 19 July 1941
Alfred was the first of Henry and Margaret Gralton's children born in Australia. He was also the first child to be officially named a Gralton. James, John Henry and Catharine were born in Holborn, Middlesex, London and their births were recorded as Grant.
Alfred was born January 7, 1860 at Frederickton, Macleay River NSW and the actual registration was in the name of GRAULTON. According to the marriage certificate of Henry and Margaret Grant in London in 1850 both signed with an 'X'. It is therefore assumed that the spelling of Gralton on Alfred's certificate was an error.
According to the Queensland Post Office on the Gralton's1876 to 1897 Alfred Gralton name first appeared with his own boot shop at Stanley Street, South Brisbane in 1890. Alfred was about 30.
Alfred married Dorothy Atkins on 16 November 1887 and on 25 March 1888 when his son William Henry Gralton (Grandfather) was born they lived at 11 Hope Street, Spring Hill.
According to the Post Office in 1892 Alfred's was working at Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane and in 1894-95 he was at 219 Queen Street, Brisbane and 1896-97 he was located at Union Street, Brisbane.
Great-Grandfather Alfred Gralton (26) married Dorothy Ann Atkins (21) from Llanvabon, Glamorgan, Wales, on November 16, 1887 at the residence of the officiating Minister James Stewart at Arthur Street, Fortitude Valley, Queensland.
Dorothy's Welsh father was John Atkins (born Morriston, Swansea) and his wife was Anne Stephens (born Llandore). John Atkins was an engine driver at a Welsh Colliery. You will find the household in a LDS Family Search of John Atkins head of the household in the British Census of 1881. They lived at No. 1 Glyn Cornel Cottage, in the registration district of Ystradyfodwg, Glamorgan, Wales. There was a son Johnny 7 years, William 3 years and daughter Mary Ann 4 months. Dorothy was not at home for the 1881 census as she was working as a General Servant in the household of Samuel Williams at 77 East Road, Ystradyfodwg, Glamorgan, Wales. Her age is shown as 15 years in 1881 and that confirms that she was born 1866.
Alfred and Dorothy had at lest 8 children and they include: -Table
Alfred and Dorothy were a bit slow to register the births of their children and some were never registered at all. Dorothy Ann who was born 17/06/1893 was registered in 1926. 1926/001637 MB. Dorothy married James Wilson 31 December 1926. John Gralton who was born 02/12/1902 was registered in 1917. Registration number 1917/001349 MB
Joseph Atkins Silvester Gralton who was born 04/02/1906 was registered in 1922. Registration number 1922/001538 MB.
Thomas Gralton who was born 14/12/21907 was registered in 1922. Registration number 1922/001539 MB.
The others do not appear to be registered.
In the 1912 Electoral roll for Division of Brisbane and the sub division of Fortitude Valley it records the following: -
In the 1915 electoral roll the following was disclosed: -
** Dorothy Ann looked after Marie's children at 225 Water St Valley to the death of William Henry Gralton (Senior) in 1926.
When Dorothy Ann Gralton married James Wilson in 1926 they were not married in the Catholic Church and her mother Dorothy would not have anything further to do with the couple. Dorothy Gralton died in 1928 and Alfred having died in 1919.
The Wilson family continued to live at 225 Water Street Fortitude Valley for a number of years.
My Great Grandfather and Great Grandmother Alfred and Dorothy Gralton are buried in a Private grave at Toowong Cemetery Portion 7A Section 182 Grave No. 6 and this is a grave without a headstone. It is up the hill at the junction of 8th Avenue and 10th Avenue a little over half the way up towards Boundary Street. There are only two headstones between where their grave is located and they are the graves of O'Brien (No. 10) and Wagner (No. 3).
The grave of their son Alfred Gralton, who died in 1 March 1899, is also in Portion 7A and is close to the same intersection. This grave is a Public Grave and therefore cannot ever have a headstone. In 1933 another person was buried in this same grave and being a Public grave there is no connection with this person and the Gralton family.
I have not been able to find any photographs of Henry or Margaret Gralton. I do however have a photo of Great Grandfather Alfred Gralton.
Paul Gralton was born in Queensland (not in Brisbane) on 13 April 1862 and died at Macleay River District NSW in 1864 (Registration 1864/4208).
I do not know where in Queensland Paul was born in 1862 but it may have been while Henry was searching for gold. The Gralton's headed for Rockhampton in 1860. A shipping record recording the departure of a Mr. & Mrs. Gralton and 6 children on the Steamship Eagle from Queensland is attached hereunder and it records their arrival back in Sydney on 27 October 1862. At this time Alfred would have been 2 years and 9 months and Paul about 7 months. Alfred was born in Frederickton 7 January 1860. Paul died in Macleay Ricer District New South Wales in 1864.
Gold was first discovered at Canoona in 1857 and Henry and Margaret arrived in Australia on 13 June 1858 and as Alfred was born on 7 January 1860 in Fredrickton and after that they departed for Rockhampton and returned to Sydney on 27 October 1862.
The following is a summary of the history of gold in Queensland: -
From 1873 to 1906, Queensland's gold and metals exports exceeded wool exports.
First discovered in 1857 on Canoona, a sheep station north of Gladstone, gold had a powerful impact on Queensland's growth, and dominated Queensland's 19th century mining.
A major rush at Gympie, 130km north of Brisbane, eased the new colony's economic problems in 1868.
Everyone was attracted by the excitement surrounding Queensland's major gold discoveries in the 1870s, Queensland's golden era. Gold was even used to promote
settlement in certain areas. To encourage settlement in the Townsville region, residents offered a reward of £1000 to the person who found gold within the area. A station manager found gold on the Star River, which caused a small rush.
Charters Towers' gold rush was one of the most important in Queensland's history. Beginning in 1871, it transformed Charters Towers into a mining, business, and social centre.
At the height of the Charters Towers gold rush in 1873, Queensland's richest alluvial gold deposits were found near the Palmer River in the far north. Many Chinese miners were attracted to the Palmer goldfields.
Other rushes occurred in the late 1870s in Coen, on the remote Cape York Peninsula; at Bowerbird, north of Cloncurry; and on the Mulgrave, deep in rainforests between Cairns and Innisfail.
During the 1880s, two factors transformed Queensland's mining industry: gold was sought by deep-reefing, and prospectors diversified their mining interests to include other metals. Etheridge became the second richest field in north Queensland.
Croydon's rush in 1887 was the last of note in Queensland. But it was short-lived because of inefficient, man-powered machinery. After 1904, gold yields diminished and the Charters Towers mines lost their glow.
Gold mining was revived by government subsidies during the depression. In the 1930s, Mt Coolon, south of Charters Towers, was Queensland's largest gold producer. More recently in the 1980s, a mining boom occurred, typified by the massive open-cut mines at Mt Leyshon, south of Charters Towers.
Elias Patrick Gralton was born in the Macleay River District about 1964. Registration Number 9902/1864.
The electoral roll for 1900 disclosed that Elias was a shop assistant.
Elias died 17 December 1902 and is buried with his father and mother at Toowong Cemetery. The Monument at Toowong cemetery states that Elias was 39.
Phoebe Gralton was born in NSW in 1866 and the birth was registered in Armidale Number 5075 of 1866.
Phoebe would have been about 31 when she married Michael Joseph Costigan, aged about 30, in Brisbane on 12 May 1897. Phoebe's father, Henry (Harry) Gralton died less than a month later on 7 June 1897.
Their children are as follows: -
Michael Joseph Costigan, aged 55, died 12 November 1922 and was buried on 13 November 1922. Together with Michael are his wife Josephine Costigan and two of her sisters Margaret Ann (Annie) Roberts and Winifred Mary Gralton. Phoebe was 86 when she died on 28 April 1952. Margaret died 23 April 1951 and Winifred 30 December 1958. They are all buried in the R.C. Cemetery at Nudgee.
I have visited the site and found that the headstone contains an error with the date of death of Michael. It reads "Died 11th November 1924" and after checking the death records again at the State library and with the office of the Nudgee Cemetery I have sighted the original K.M. Smith receipt for the burial on 13 November 1922. I also have a copy of that receipt. The date of death is 12 November 1922 and that agrees with the official B.D.M. records 1922/B038434. There is only one Michael Joseph Costigan buried at Nudgee. It is of interest that there appears to be three Michael Joseph Costigan's in this family. Michael's father was also Michael Joseph (1) and his father was John a farmer from Tipperary Ireland and his wife was Mary Donahoue. Michael Joseph (2) also married a Mary Frances O'Donohue and he had an elder brother William Martin and he and Charlotte Patch had a son Michael Joseph (3) who was born 20 February 1902 and died 22 September 1973. I assume that Michael Joseph (1) died in Ireland.
Louisa Gralton was also born in NSW in 1868 and her birth was registered in Armidale Number 5523/1868.
Louisa was only 9 when she died in Brisbane on 27 October 1877. The death registration is 1877/B011759. Louisa is buried at Toowong Cemetery with her mother and father Henry and Margaret Gralton.
09 February 1871 - 26 June 1919
Alfred's brother Austin Sarsfield Gralton was an International Rugby Union Scrum-half and played his first International game for Australia against Great Britain on 24 June 1899 and again on 12 August 1899. He then played at the Sydney Cricket Ground on Saturday, 15 August 1903 in the Head to Head New Zealand vs. Australia match in front of 30,000 people. NZ won 22 to 3. Alfred also played Rugby Union.
Austin was born 9 February 1871 Kempsey, Macleay River NSW and died at the Albion Hotel in Sandgate Road, Albion on 26 June 1919. Austin was a farmer and carpenter and at the time of his death he was a hotel keeper.
In the Gazette dated 3 March 1909 a William R Cordaiy was the Licensee of the Albion Hotel. In the edition dated 31 August 1909 the license had been transferred into the name of Austin Sarsfield Gralton. In 1911 Austin was recorded as the proprietor of the Albion Hotel and was so until his death in 1919.
Austin was buried Toowong 27 June 1919 aged about 48. Austin's headstone records his age as 50 and his death certificate records his age as 49. The cause of death is stated as: -
Following the end of WW1 a pandemic swept the world killing over 50 million people. Austin was on of the victims.
Austin is buried with his son Austin Sarsfield Ireland Joseph Gralton born 1901 and Eva Mary Gralton born 8 September 1886 and her sister Adelaide Gralton born 3 November 1883 (Both daughters of James or Jas Gralton).
Austin married Elizabeth Goddard 2 August 1902 when he was about 32 years of age. I have visited the site at Toowong and found his grave but the words are faded and I cannot read the other headstone. Directly opposite Austin's grave is the monument to Henry Gralton who of course is my Great Grandfather who came to Australia in 1858.
Elizabeth Goddard was a daughter of Captain William Goddard, who was born on 26th January, 1835 in Beccles, Suffolk UK, and Elizabeth Allen. Captain Goddard was a well known Captain from the days of sail.
The origin of the Irish name Sarsfield is from the 17th Century General Patrick Sarsfield. The Irish Saint Patrick came from Wales.
Annie Gralton was born NSW in 1873 and her birth registration was 6504/1873 in the District of Armidale.
Annie married Arthur Palmer Roberts on 24 June 1911 in Brisbane and that registration is Number B010351. ie, aged 78, died on 23 April 1951 and is buried with two of her sisters Josephine and Winifred in the Nudgee Catholic Cemetery.
Winifred Gralton was born in Brisbane on 20 June 1876 and was the youngest child of Henry and Margaret Gralton. The birth registration for Winifred was recorded as Winifred GRATTON on Registration Number 1876/B020926.
There was a child born to a Winnie Gralton on 27 June 1910 known as May Gralton. There was no father recorded. It is not known if this was the Winifred Gralton daughter of Henry and Margaret Gralton or the daughter of Alfred and Dorothy Gralton who was also Winifred Mary Gralton (Nin). Nin was born about 1892. Henry's daughter would have been 34 years old whereas Alfred's daughter was 18 in 1910. My guess is that May Gralton was the granddaughter of Alfred Gralton. I have not been able to find any further information on May Gralton.
Henry and Margaret lived in NSW for about three years and later moved to Queensland. First they settled in the Macleay River. After the birth of Alfred in 1860 Henry & family sailed in a small hatch to Rockhampton in search of gold.
Alfred was born 1860 in Frederickton and Paul was born 18 April 1862 in Queensland and died 1864 back at Macleay River NSW.
They headed to Rockhampton for the Canoona Gold Rush. Henry returned to Sydney having no success in his quest for gold. They then moved to Armidale and then Glen Innes and Emmaville in search of tin. As history tell us tin was discovered on Strathbogie Station in 1872.
Henry made good money at "Vegetable Creek" as it was known in those days but he was attracted to gold.
Henry next followed the gold rush to the Palmer River in 1873 and son John (about 21) headed for Brisbane on horseback. John arrived in Brisbane and crossed the first Victoria Bridge after passing through Tenterfield via Cunninghams Gap with two dogs, one of which was a greyhound, in 1874.
As a young boy in New England John had cause to hold Captain Thunderbolt's horse outside his fathers boot shop and this was at Tenterfield.
In Brisbane John worked in Henry's boot shop in 88 Queen Street.
John married Emily (Emma) Lippiatt in 1879 and they lived at Fernberg Road Paddington. In 1882 he opened his own shop in Brunswick Street, Fortitude Valley.
The electoral roll for 1900 Brisbane North disclosed the following: -
Emma assisted her sons in the furniture manufacturing business known as 'Gralton Bros. Furniture' at Fernberg Road Paddington by doing clerical work. Emma was born in London in 1859 and arrived in Moreton Bay aboard the "Young Australia" in 1870.
The "Young Australia", built in Hampshire, New Plymouth in 1853, a full-rigged clipper ship of the Black Ball line, whilst on route from Brisbane to London, ran aground in May 1872 at Cape Moreton and sank. All aboard were saved.
My Grandfather William Henry Gralton was born on 25 March 1888 at Hope Street, Spring Hill Brisbane and married at the age of 24 to Grandmother Marie Guthrie FORD aged 19 on 12 April 1912 at St. Stephens Cathedral Brisbane. As Marie's D.O.B. has now been established as 22 December 1892 not 23 December 1893 she was a year older than on her Certificate of Marriage No. A 68007.
There were four children from this union.
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